Psychological treatment approaches

Once the patient has her or his drinking under control, detoxification is optimally followed by psychological treatment, including family counselling individual Psychotherapy is effective, the focus of psychosocial measures in the treatment of alcohol related problems often involves group therapy, environmental intervention, behaviour, therapy, and the approach used by Alcoholics Anonymous and family groups

Group therapy

Group-therapy has been shown to be effective for many clinical problems. In the confrontational give and take of group therapy, people who abuse alcohol are often forced (perhaps for the first time) to face their problems and their tendencies to deny or minimise them. These group situations can be denied or minimise them. These group situations can be extremely difficult for those who have been engrossed in denial of their own responsibilities, but such treatment also helps them see new possibilities for copying with circumstances that have led to their difficulties. Often this paves the way for them to learn more effective ways of coping and other positive steps toward dealing with their drinking problem.

In some instances, the spouses of people who abuse alcohol and even their children may be invited to join in group therapy meetings. In other situations, family treatment is itself the central focus of therapeutic efforts. Given that alcohol abuse and dependence can cause significant strains on family relationships , family therapy in such cases involves a delicate balance of educating the drinker about the familial consequences of her or his drinking, discussing any role that the family may have played in facilitating the drinking behaviour (if any)and making plans for how the family can function most adaptively in the future.

Environmental intervention : as with other serious maladaptive behaviours, a total treatment program for alcohol abuse or dependency usually required measures to alleviate a patient’s aversive life situation. Environmental support has been shown to be an important ingredient of an alcohol abuser’s recovery. People often become estranged from family and friends because of their drinking and either lose or jeopardise their jobs. As a result, they are often lonely and live-in oversized neighbourhoods. Typically, the reaction of those around them is not as understanding or as supportive as it would be if the individual who abuses alcohol had a physical illness of comparable magnitude. Simply helping people with alcohol abuse problems learn more effective coping techniques may not be enough if their social environment remains hostile and threatening. For those who have been hospitalised, halfway houses. Designed to assist them in their return to family and community are often important adjuncts
to their total treatment program.

Family therapy as a means of helping children

To address a child’s problems, it is often necessary to alter pathological family interaction patterns that produce or severe to maintain the child’s behaviour problems several family therapy approaches have been developed that differ in some important ways for example in terms of how the family is defined (whether to include extended family members) what the treatment process will focus on ( whether communications between the family mementoes or the aberrant behaviour of the problem family members is the focus); and what procedures will be used in treatment (analysing and interpreting hidden messages in the family communications or altering the