It is a disorder in which people are prone to recurring thoughts and repetitive behaviours. One of the most commonly cited symptoms is repeated hand washing. People without OCD also have distressing thoughts and repetitive habits but the difference is that such behaviour does not cause disruption in their daily life. Often, people with OCD know their thoughts and actions are unrealistic but they still can’t control such behaviour.Obsessions are persistent and recurrent thoughts, which are disturbing and inappropriate.
People who have such obsessions actively try to resist or suppress them or to neutralise them with some other thought or action.Compulsions involve repetitive and ritualistic behaviour. For instance, such people tend to put things in order over and over again. Compulsions may also involve more covert mental rituals such as counting, praying or saying certain words silently over and over again. A person with OCD usually feels driven to perform this compulsive, ritualistic behaviour in response to an obsession, and there are often very rigid rules regarding exactly how the compulsive behaviour should be performed. The compulsive behaviour is performed with the goal of preventing or reducing distress or some dreaded event or situation. OCD is often one of the most disabling mental disorders in that it leads to a lower quality of life and causes a great deal of functional impairment.
Many obsessive thoughts revolve around harm to self or others. Other fairly common themes are concerns about or need for symmetry. For instance, such people will be satisfied only if magazines on a table are arranged in a way that is exactly right. Sexual obsessions and obsessions concerning religion or aggression are also seen in certain people. A wife with OCD may get obsessed with the idea that she might poison her husband or child and a daughter may constantly imagine pushing her mother down a flight of stairs.
As described already, there are two main types of symptoms: obsessions and compulsions.
Compulsions are repetitive physical behaviours or mental thought rituals that are performed over and over again in an attempt to relieve the anxiety caused by obsessional thoughts.
Obsessions are persistent and uncontrollable thoughts, images, urges, worries, fears or doubts that repeatedly appear in a person’s mind.
CAN TREATMENT HELP?
The effectiveness of psychotherapies on reducing anxiety, stress and phobia is well established. In particular, cognitive behaviour therapy and clinical hypnotherapy have shown the most encouraging results.
HOW EFFECTIVE IS OUR TREATMENT?
Our panel has highly trained and qualified mental health professionals with competence as either cognitive behaviour therapists, clinical hypnotherapists, clinical and counselling psychologists. They have the necessary skills, competence and experience to help people overcome difficulties after determining the type of disorder and the right approach for that condition.
Medication is not usually recommended in the treatment of mild to moderate psychological problems. However, in some cases, it may be helpful to consider a combined approach of counselling and medication and we will advise on the right way to go about it.
Our team of psychotherapists are highly trained and qualified mental health professionals with competence as either Cognitive Behaviour Therapists, clinical Hypnotherapists, Clinical and Counselling Psychologists. Our mental health professionals have the necessary skills, competence and experience to help you.
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