The depressive state can affect our thought process, behaviour and feelings. In fact, it can severely affect our physical, psychological and social wellness.
A depressive person will lose all happiness, self-confidence and hopes in life and thus at stake to complete any task. That individual will feel irritability, anxiety, phobias and unnecessary worries. One of the crucial state for a depressive person is the suicidal tendency.
Being Depressed – Is it Depressive Disorder?
All types of sadness or grief are not the state of depression.
Financial failure or contingency, the demise of a close person, stagnant career are all harsh conditions in our life. Definitely, that individual becomes being “depressed”. However, this kind of depression or unhappiness is not the same as or characterized as a depressive disorder.
During the loss of a loved one, it’s very common for the person to feel intense sadness, vacuum in life, and show the symptoms of depressive disorder. Become confirming the state of depression; a psychologist considers the client’s situation, intensity and duration.
Depression – Statistics
According to WHO fact sheets,
- Depression is a common mental disorder, with over 300 million people of all age suffering globally (year 2015).
- Depression is a leading cause of disability globally.
- Depression is seen more in women when compared to men.
- Depression can lead to suicide, with over 800,000 people die every year.
- There are treatments (psychological & pharmacological) available for moderate and severe depression.
- One in 20 people in Indian suffers from depression.
Categorization of Depression
Depression is categorized into three types depending upon its intensity.
- Mild Depression: It affects daily activities and is common in society. Mild depression requires psychological intervention, or else it will get worse.
- Moderate Depression: Affected person lose happiness and hopefulness of life. The enjoyable activities which were pleasant for the person will have no or minimum interest in it. Moreover, the person loses their confidence and self-esteem, showcasing less energy and gradual withdrawal from all the activities.
- Severe Depression: In this condition, the person withdraws entirely from all activities and social gatherings. They always try to keep themselves in a closed room and try to detach from everyone.
Severe depression leads to suicidal tendency.
Both biochemistry and environment factors lead to the state of depression. Imbalance of certain neurotransmitters will affect the balanced mood of a person, gradually leading t depression or other mood disorders. In fact, continuous distress and bad life experiences are the environmental factors of depression.
Depression Diagnosing Criteria
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) suggests a few symptoms for diagnosing depression. Among them, five or more symptoms will be experienced by a person for two weeks periods, and at least one of the symptoms must be either (1) depressed mood or (2) loss or pleasure.
- depressed mood (most of the days or every day)
- gradually increasing lack of interest in all or most of the activities (most of the days or every day)
- Noticeable weight loss without any diet or weight gain, decrease or increase in appetite nearly every day.
- The slowing down of thoughts and reduced level of physical movements.
- Fatigue almost every day.
- Worthlessness feeling or inappropriate guilt (almost every day)
- Diminished ability to think or concentrate on indecisiveness (almost every day)
- Repeated thoughts of death and chronic suicidal tendency.
Depression affects every activity of an individual. It arises physical and emotional problems. This individual will face an inability to function at work, society and home. The following are the symptoms of depression, and it needs to be considered:
- No interest in enjoyable activities once enjoyed
- Guilty feeling
- Less energy and fatigue
- Insomnia or excess of sleep
- difficulty to think and inability to take decisions
- Always feeling sad and depressive mood
- Loss of interest to have food
- Muscles stiffness
- thinking of death or suicide
- shortness in breath
If these symptoms are continued over a week, its recommended to be diagnosed. There are other causes for these symptoms like thyroid dysfunctions, brain tumour or vitamins deficiency. So medical supervision is also essential to recognize the conditions. A blood test is required to rectify the biological reasons for these symptoms.