There exist a lot of misconceptions about hypnosis. The descriptions are given in certain books, films and picture stories also tend to promote such misunderstandings. Popular understanding is that some people have superhuman powers and mental powers gained through Pranayama, Yoga, training using skulls, activities facing the sun, training that claims to improve eyesight, etc. It is also believed that a mentally stronger hypnotist conquers the weaker ones and that hypnosis is the resultant phenomenon. Often times, the contributions of modern science are used to spread superstitions and turn people into mental patients.

What is hypnosis?

Does a hypnotist have superhuman powers?

Can we know the details of the past life of a person by hypnotizing her/him?

Are there any disadvantages in subjecting an individual to hypnosis?

Can all kinds of people be hypnotized?

These are some of the questions which normally people tend to ask about hypnosis. In order to find the answers to these questions, one has to understand what sleep is, what is the difference between normal and hypnotic state and the relationship between the mind and the body.

What is the Anatomy of Sleep? What Happens During Sleep?

During sleep, the muscles in the body are in a relaxed state. The heart functions slow down. The breathing becomes unhurried.

Sleep is regulated in the brain. Sleep is an incredibly important part of our biology, and neuroscientists are beginning to explain why it is so very important.

When you’re asleep, a part of the brain doesn’t shut down. In fact, some areas of the brain are actually more active during the sleep state than during the awake state. The other thing that’s really important about sleep is that it doesn’t arise from a single structure within the brain, but is to some extent a network property. Our biological clock tells us when it’s good to be up when it’s good to be asleep, and what that structure does is interact with a whole raft of other areas within the hypothalamus, the lateral hypothalamus, the ventrolateral preoptic nuclei. All of those combined, and they send projections down to the brain stem here. The brain stem then projects forward and bathes the cortex, this wonderfully wrinkly bit over here, with neurotransmitters that keep us awake and essentially provide us with our consciousness. So sleep arises from a whole raft of different interactions within the brain, and essentially, sleep is turned on and off as a result of a range of interactions in here.

So why do we sleep?

There are dozens of different ideas about why we sleep. The first is sort of the restoration idea, and it is somewhat intuitive. Essentially, all the stuff we’ve burned up during the day, we restore, we replace, we rebuild during the night.

What about energy conservation? Again, perhaps intuitive. You essentially sleep to save calories. Although, when you do the mathematics, though, it doesn’t really pan out. If you compare an individual who has slept at night, or stayed awake and hasn’t moved very much, the energy-saving of sleeping is about 110 calories a night.

But the third idea is brain processing and memory consolidation. What we know is that, if after you’ve tried to learn a task, you sleep-deprived individuals, the ability to learn that task is smashed. It is in fact hugely attenuated. So sleep and memory consolidation is also very important. However, it’s not just the laying down of memory and recalling it. What has turned out to be really exciting is that our ability to come up with novel solutions to complex problems is hugely enhanced by a night of sleep. In fact, it’s been estimated to give us a threefold advantage. Sleeping at night enhances our creativity. And what seems to be going on is that, in the brain, those neural connections that are important, those synaptic connections that are important, are linked and strengthened, while those that are less important tend to fade away and be less important.

So we have had three explanations for why we might sleep, and the important thing to realize is that the details will vary, and it is probable we sleep for multiple different reasons. But sleep is not an indulgence. It is not some sort of thing that we can take on board rather casually.

One of the things that the brain does is indulge in microsleeps, this involuntary falling asleep, and you have essentially no control over it. Now, micro-sleeps can be sort of somewhat embarrassing.

We need eight hours of sleep a night. That’s an average. Some people need more. Some people need less. All you need to do is listen to your body. Do you need that much or do you need more? It is as simple as that.

There is a belief that old people need less sleep. This is a misconception. The sleep demands of the aged do not go down. Essentially, sleep fragments and becomes less robust, but sleep requirements do not go down.

Sleep is regulated in the brain. The physical and mental functions are controlled by the brain. The brain can be divided into two hemispheres. Each of these has an Outer Cortex. And they both meet below at the Brain Stem. This then extends even lower till the Spinal Cord. The brain is covered by the skull.

When we are awake, the two hemispheres in the brain become active. The electric currents emerging from the brain stem, lying at the base of the brain, is the reason for aggravating activities in the outer cover of the brain and spinal cord. When the body is awake, the brain stem produces an electric current in the nerves. The hemispheres and spinal cord thereby become active. Being awake in this way helps us successfully face what is happening around us in a reasonable manner.

The brain center, which regulates the wakeful state, is located at the root of the brain. It is the cortex, the brain cover, which actually does the thinking.

The memories in the wakeful state do not disturb us during long sleep. Thoughts that disturb our mind produce vibrations in the brain stem. This inspires the body to remain awake to find solutions to those thoughts. This is how sleeplessness occurs.

What Are The Advantages Of Hypnosis?

Hypnosis is helpful for people who work in the artistic fields to rise high in their careers by involving in creative activities and management professionals to shine well in their activities. The possibilities of hypnosis have become beneficial to solving cases in the field of crime investigation. Familiarizing oneself with the primer of hypnosis is helpful in succeeding in the activities we get to involve in our daily life.

When the complex human mind is given instructions by focusing its attention after making them reach a calm and beautiful state, changes happen in its characteristics and behaviour. Learning is related to concentration. So hypnosis is able to make creative contributions in the field of education. The environment in which each one has grown up with affects her/ his education significantly. Each human being maintains her/ his uniqueness during various stages of growing up and development. Sociologists say that the damages occurring in the process of socialization are capable of adversely affecting education. Students face many problems related to studies. Exam fear, memory deficit, lack of interest in studies, lack of concentration, etc. are just a few of them. The method of learning is very important. Learning without understanding the ideas can affect memory. Learning becomes interesting when the idea has been understood and impressions are made on the unknown realms of mind after revving it onto a story. A swift advancement is then possible in the learning path.

Hypnosis is effective in overcoming memory deficits. It is possible to increase the memory power, concentration and imaginative powers available in human beings by giving instructions after mitigating any mental stress and getting the mind to a peaceful state. The memory power stimulated in the hypnotic state is known as Hypermnesia. Learning becomes interesting when the various subjects are stored in the mind after revving the ideas in a creative manner by stimulating the memory.

Hypnosis is making vital contributions to modern psychiatric treatment. Hypnotic methods are more effective than other treatment methods in solving certain minor mental disorders.


Of course, the amount of food consumed has an effect on the brain’s mental state. Excessive consumption of sugar can lead to muscle wasting and depression. But carbohydrate-rich foods such as fruits and whole grains will combat depression… writes Prasad Amor

For nearly two million years, humans lived on burning insects and animals, picking tubers and fruits. The men hunted and brought the meat. Women and women collected fruits and fruits. It has been almost seven thousand years since humans began to love cereals.

The human body uses more energy than the brain and anatomy. The total size of the human brain is 2 .5% of the total body but the brain consumes 20% of its energy. Increased energy consumption has necessitated the need for meat. Consuming carbohydrates with proteins contributed to the development of the brain. Cooking and eating was an evolutionary stage of human life. Cooking has been shown to break down complex fats and meats, ease digestion and reduce disease risk.

Food is myth and reality

Consuming almonds every day does not lead to autism. There is widespread propaganda that apple paprika does not cause heart disease. The propaganda that some cuisine can have a miraculous effect is just an excessive claim.No one has eaten such foods and lived for more than two hundred years. But eating a regular diet is a wise decision. Despite a balanced diet, a person can only care for the physical qualities available at birth. Genes are determined by lifespan and metabolism. It is the organism from which the person is born that determines one’s growth and development. While the conditions favourable to the biological nature will influence its development, each organism retains the common characteristics and characteristics of its own species. They are all biologically modified. Millions of years of experimentation and observation have made it possible for humans to understand the variety of foods. Although we have tens of thousands of species around us, we eat only a small percentage of them. In fact, the delicacies we enjoy today are the result of tens of thousands of years of human experience.

Does food affect mood?

The features available through the brain of another species make the human a better organism. The brain is the most complex organ. The genetic structure of the diverse neural network and the formation of new neural networks differentiate the human brain from that of animals.

The nervous system produces innumerable nerve fibres. Isn’t the diet involved in the formation of complex brain cells important? Is there a dietary regimen that helps alleviate the accumulation of neurons and slow down the available intellectual capacity?

Of course, the amount of food you eat influences the brain’s mental function. Excessive diets deplete the production of neurotransmitters in the brain. Excessive consumption of sugar can cause muscle wasting and depression. But carbohydrate-rich foods and proteins, such as fruits and whole grains, contain amino acids that help in the production of a chemical called serotonin, which can combat depression. Foods that contain a lot of choline require the combination of a neurotransmitter called acetylcholine. It also helps to break down the substance called homocysteine, which accumulates in the brain due to metabolic activity. Almonds, nuts, leafy vegetables, spices, and spices are rich in choline.B vitamins improve the function of the brain. Folic acid and B12 increase blood production, while B 6 and niacin are essential for nerve cell development. The amino acids of tryptophan and tyrosine are essential for the efficient functioning of the brain. Vitamin C is required for conversion of the amino acids into L-tyrosine and L-phenyl alanine to nor-adrenaline and to convert tryptophan to serotonin. Vitamin C is rich in fruit gooseberry and gram lemon.

healthy food

The fats present in legumes and herbs support brain function. Protein and the amino acid micro-nutrients and glucose are all the building blocks of the brain. Each of these influences the activity of the brain. The fatty acids Omega-3 and Oberga-6 are effective in preventing brain damage. Fish like sardines and mackerel are rich in fatty acids such as nuts and fatty fish seeds. They help in the regeneration of cells.

Trans fats and stratified fats should be avoided. Food items such as bakery and junk foods may be radiant and refreshing. This is because excessively fatty foods slow down the production of neurotransmitters.

It is not always possible to eat according to the quantity and proportion of nutrients present in the food. It may be harmful to eat only one food, for good. For example, consuming a good amount of meat may accelerate the production of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and norepinephrine, which in turn may lead to increased stress. Food has to be balanced. Each nutrient plays different functions in the body.No one nutrient can fully fulfil the functions of another, so it is important to make sure that each nutrient is contained in the right amount of food.

Eating healthy foods such as starch, meat and fats, minerals and vitamins daily is healthy. Leafy vegetables, eggplants, egg and fish are all present in the liver. Twenty amino acids need to be consumed on a regular basis in order for the body to make protein. These include meat and eggs. Those who are vegetarian can get a balanced vegetarian diet. Rice and alfalfa can be eaten either as pulse or seaweed.

When food becomes a complex problem

Man eats food not just for the sake of glue but for enjoyment. Food that is high in energy for humans is tempting. The new senses are all stimulated by the sense of smell and taste. A wide variety of dishes exploit human taste and make them taste fresh. All of the food additives that make up addiction make modern civilians sick of eating too much. In urban fireplaces, the quality and quality of food has changed.

In the pre-forest era, the cuisine was not easy to find. He used to occasionally eat fast food and occasionally suffer from fasting. The human body has evolved into such an order of magnitude. As food began to be cooked, farming started, and the possibilities of a wide variety of food emerged, people were getting more and needier. Starch is the main food that breaks down glucose, allowing cells to absorb energy and to use excessive amounts of glucose as glycogen in the liver and muscle to be used when necessary. The loss of the frequent nob eliminated the possibility of the glycogen being re-used as glucose. It caused the human body to rub.

Technological advances in the food processing industry, changes in the agricultural system and the composition of the food have created new flavours in the food. With the stoppage of the production of food, human behaviour changed. The farmland is being lost. Due to global warming, grain production is declining. The old tribal tradition of using very few grains will help mankind. Humans can live on starchy fruits such as tapioca, potato, and yam, as well as jackfruit, mustard and nutmeg.



According to the National Mental Health Survey of India 2015-2016 by R Srinivasa Murthy (Retd) Formerly of NIMHANS, Bangalore. 1 in 6 Indians needs mental health help. While drug treatments are widely used in mental health issues and can be effective, they sometimes come with troubling side-effects such as weight gain, headaches, and fatigue. Psychotherapy which includes talking therapy, and along with a host of other physical and mental exercises can be just as effective for many mental health conditions including anxiety and depression. These can be a good add-on therapy for those who are finding success with medications.

Psychotherapy also has the added benefit of not just treating the symptoms but also finding out the reasons behind the problems, the trauma and the non-conducive environment that perhaps contributed towards your problems in the first place.

So, what are your options for treatment?

Find a psychologist you feel comfortable around

caring psychologist

For any psychological treatment to be highly effective, you must have an engaging relationship with your psychologist. If you don’t hit it off within the first couple of sessions, treatment is unlikely to be effective.

This, of course, doesn’t mean there’s anything wrong with you or your psychologist. No, it’s just that this particular relationship isn’t going to be helpful. And that is why you should seek out someone you can connect with. When you do connect with a psychologist, it is important to find a method of therapy that suits you the best.

Some people like to get clear instructions and advice, while others prefer to take time to discover their solutions. And that is why different people need different types of therapy and psychologists.

Different Types of Therapies

cognitive therapy

Cognitive behaviour therapy

CBT or Cognitive behaviour therapy is one of the most widely used and well-known therapies.CBT refers to a range of scientifically proven approaches that are based on the assumption that often the way a person feels influences what a person thinks and how they eventually behave.The treatment then uses activities to target and correct what people think (what is known as cognitions) and the things they do (their behaviours).

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy

ACT or Acceptance and commitment therapy is a form of treatment that can be effective across a wide range of situations and problems.ACT, unlike CBT, doesn’t try to change a person’s way of thinking. It looks at the thoughts and situations that one is trying hard to avoid and creates greater psychological flexibility in their lives.ACT teaches us to accept our thoughts as our own. ACT tries to achieve a state of mind where we can notice our many problematic thoughts, feelings, or behaviours but not get overwhelmed or consumed by them. We also learn about commitment in the ACT. This is done by encouraging people to identify principles and morals that are important to them and implement those in their day-to-day life.

Behavioural Activation

Behavioural activation was initially developed for the treatment of depression but has since gained traction in resolving a host of other mental health issues. The idea behind it is to identify and then implement activities that promote enjoyment or reduce stress.It helps people identify things in their environment that are contributing to their problems, and how these events are contributing and influencing their behaviour.Then the focus shifts to activating rewarding behaviours. This is concerned with developing goals and plans that people can engage in that are creative and achievable.Behavioural activation is similar to CBT but the focus here is more on a person’s behaviour than their thoughts.

What if nothing works?

Behavioural Activation

These are but a selected few of the many psychological treatments available, and many psychologists will employ more than one treatment or may even combine different treatments. The most important takeaway is that if you shouldn’t despair if a particular treatment or a psychologist doesn’t work out for you. You will find someone you will relate to, who is interested in monitoring your progress regularly, and who will work flexibly with you about the things you’re troubled by.

Just like in life there are no guarantees of quick results or even of results in themselves. Psychological treatment is simply a source by which people can make sense of things that previously seemed senseless, and try to restore contentment & satisfaction in your life. It is YOU who can make treatments work.

* Get in touch with your local psychologist today and seek help for the troubles ailing you.




For centuries, especially in the western civilization our society has divided genders into two categories. Male and Female. Everyone was included in one of these categories when they were born. If they didn’t behave and act as per the societal norms of the time as assigned to each gender, such people were considered crazy, misfits, aberrations and abominations. And according to this category, human sexuality was quite simple. Men should feel attraction towards women and women should feel attraction towards men.

We have known this isn’t the truth for a very long time. The murmur of dissent and opposition has grown only stronger and louder in the past century. And now we know better. The human sexuality spectrum is much broader than what some people may have you believe.

Progression of human sexuality

prgression of human sexuality

For centuries before, only the human sexual organs were considered the precursor to a person’s sexuality. A person born with male sexual organs was considered a man and he was supposed to feel sexual attractions towards a woman. Likewise, a person born with female sexual organs was considered a woman and she was naturally supposed to be attracted towards a man.

Things were seen in either black or white. But fortunately, more of our society has opened up at least to the idea that human sexuality exists outside the set patterns. And the monochrome black and white colors have given way to the rainbow colors as often seen on the LGBTQ flag

Nowadays, we have stopped limiting people’s attraction towards others based on their gender. And we have been able to differentiate between heterosexuality, homosexuality, bisexuality, transsexuality, pansexuality, etc.

Science behind sexuality

science behind sex

In biological terms, male is a person who has one X chromosome and one Y chromosome. And a female is someone who has two X chromosomes in their genetic make-up. It has been found that the Y chromosome is essential for the formation of a testis and the testosterone from the testis has an impact on the brain.

This testosterone plays an important role in the development of human sexuality. Testosterone acts on many other organs but to stick to our subject, we will focus on its effects on the brain. It activates a complex protein in the brain known as the androgen receptor. If a mutation in the androgen receptor occurs, then the brain may not respond to testosterone. It would be like as if the testosterone didn’t even exist. Examples in human beings include embryos with XY chromosome who are insensitive to their own testosterone. They are born looking like females, and grow up in that belief (i.e. their gender identity is female).

They are discovered to be XY individuals only at puberty because of non developmental of primary and secondary sexual characteristic as per the biological gender. Such people are said to be suffering from AIS or Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome. They often have normal and properly developed testes, but it is hidden inside their abdomen.

A converse situation, i.e. excess testosterone in XX embryos isn’t that common. But a condition called Congenital Adrenal Hypertrophy (CAH) results in abnormally high amounts of testosterone in females, but this occurs much later in pregnancy. Such individuals do have a higher than expected incidence of bisexual or homosexual behavior, but nothing that can point it as its cause. Such people may also have doubts about their gender identity, but it’s not as common or as striking as AIS. The difference may be a result of timing. The effect of testosterone affecting our sexuality and sexual development becomes less as overall development proceeds. Although pre-natal testosterone is a powerful determinant of sexuality in humans it is not the only one. Science is yet to pinpoint a gene or a genetic marker responsible for influencing a person’s sexuality.

Sexuality in humans in all its forms is also greatly influenced by social and experiential factors to an extent.  People don’t decide who they are attracted to, and therapy, treatments and persuasion won’t change a person’s orientation. You cannot also turn a person gay. Although sexual orientation is usually set early in life. It isn’t all uncommon for your desires and attractions to shift throughout your life. This is called fluidity.



Pansexuality is a relative modern way in which human sexuality can be conceived. It means that sexual orientation is characterized by a physical and emotional attraction to an individual and it has nothing to do with their sex or gender identity.

Pansexuality isn’t restrictive and individuals that belong to binary genders and non-binary genders can also be pansexual.

Difference between pansexuality and bisexuality

difference between pansexuality and bisexuality

It is quite easy to mess up the differences between pansexuality and bisexuality. A bisexual person finds both men and women attractive. So in a way, bisexuals associate people to the two conventional genders of either male or female. On the other hand, pansexual individuals don’t take into account a person’s sex or gender identity. To put it in simple words, a pansexual feels a physical and emotional attraction toward a person regardless of these things.

A new world

new world

Some bisexual and pansexual people like to identify themselves as queer. Queer is more of an umbrella term for sexual orientations outside the heterosexual norms and also has a political and activist root to it. At the end of the day, everything is just a label. But this mustn’t be confused with dismissing it as – it’s just a phase, and that the individual will come out of it. It is not a phase. Instead, be respectful towards everyone. And help those who seek it. For this big world can seem even bigger for abandoned and persecuted sexual minorities.


  1. Wikipedia.org
  2. Psychologytoday.com





Somatic symptom disorder is characterized by an extreme focus on physical symptoms, such as pain or fatigue, that causes major emotional distress and problems in normal functioning. You may or may not have another diagnosed medical condition associated with these symptoms, but your reactions to the symptoms is not normal.

What this means is that you often end up thinking the worst about your symptoms and frequently seek, medical care, continuing to search for answers even when other serious medical conditions have been excluded.

Health concerns then end becoming such a central focus in your life that you are unable to function normally and this ends up becoming a liability and disability.



Pathogenesis - somatoform disorders

While we haven’t been able to completely understand the causes of somatoform disorders, contributory factors include depression and anxiety. These can also manifest as an obsession with interpretations of somatic symptoms as evidence of a disease, excessive concern with physical illness and a tendency to seek medical care for everything. A family history of a particular condition may have shaped the patient’s beliefs. Doctors also sometimes inadvertently contribute towards the symptoms by either dismissing the patient’s complaints or by over-emphasizing and investigating the possibility of a disease.


Somatoform disease can present itself in several different ways:


Somatoform Autonomic Dysfunction

Somatoform Autonomic Dysfunction - heart complaints

This refers to somatic symptoms referable to bodily organs that are largely under the control of the autonomic nervous system. The most common examples involve the cardiovascular system (cardiac neurosis – heart complaints for which no organic cause can be found), respiratory system (psychogenic hyperventilation – respiratory disorder, where you are breathing either too deeply or too rapidly), gut complaints (psychogenic vomiting, irritable bowel syndrome)


Somatoform Pain disorder

Somatoform Pain disorder - occupational areas of functioning

This describes severe, persistent pain that cannot be adequately explained by a medical condition. The pain causes clinically significant distress, impairment, in social, academic and or occupational areas of functioning. The pain is not intentionally produced or accounted for by a mood disorder.


Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

It is characterized by excessive fatigue after minimal physical or mental exertion, poor concentration, dizziness, muscular aches and sleep disturbance. This pattern of symptoms may follow a viral infection and symptoms often overlap with those of depression and anxiety.


Dissociative Conversion Disorder

Dissociative Conversion Disorder - amnesia

Dissociative conversion disorders are characterized by a loss or distortion of neurological functioning that is not fully explained by an organic disease. These may be psychological functions such as memory (dissociative amnesia – when a person cannot remember important people, events from their life), sensory functions such as vision (dissociative blindness –a person has selective paralysis or blindness). The causes are unknown but there is an association with recent stress and adverse childhood experiences, including physical and sexual abuse.


Somatization Disorder

Somatization Disorder

This is defined as the occurrence of multiple medically unexplained physical symptoms affecting several bodily systems. It is also known as Briquet’s syndrome after the physician who first described the presentation. The symptoms start often early in childhood but can also present itself after a bout of physical illness. The disorder is much more common in women. They are characterized by recurring, multiple and current, clinically significant complaints about somatic symptoms.


Hypochondriacal Disorder

Hypochondriacal Disorder

Patients with this condition have a strong fear or belief that they have a serious, often fatal disease (such as cancer) and that fear persists even after repeated medical assurances and tests done. They are typically highly anxious and seek many medical opinions and investigations in futile but repeated attempts to relieve their fears. These often resemble OCD, but in a small proportion of cases, the disease reaches delusional intensity.


Body Dysmorphic Disorder

Body Dysmorphic Disorder

This is defined as a preoccupation with bodily shape or appearance with the belief that one is disfigured in some way (previously known as dysmorphophobia). People with this condition often make inappropriate requests for cosmetic surgery.


Management of Disease

Management of disease

The general principles to medically manage such symptoms are by:


  • By taking a full sympathetic history
  • Excluding disease but avoiding unnecessary investigations and referral
  • Seeking specific treatable psychiatric symptoms
  • Demonstrating to the patient that you understand their complaint
  • Establishing a collaborative relationship
  • Giving a positive explanation for the symptoms but not over emphasizing psychological factors
  • Encouraging them to return to normal functioning




Patients should be reassured and effort should be put in to find out more about their condition. It isn’t wise to categorically state that they don’t suffer from any disease. However, it may be emphasized that the probability of them having this disease is low.



Patients need a positive explanation for their symptoms

Patients need a positive explanation for their symptoms. It is unhelpful to say the symptoms are psychological in nature or it is all in their head. When possible, it is useful to describe a plausible physiological mechanism that is linked to psychological factors such as stress and imply that the symptoms are reversible.


Drug Treatment

Drug Treatment

Antidepressant drugs are often helpful, even if the patient is not depressed.


Psychological Treatment

Psychological Treatment

A mix of talk therapy and cognitive behavior therapy can be employed. Behavioral therapy can be used to modify dysfunctional behavior. CBT has shown reduction in anxiety, depression and improved physical functioning.



References –

1. Mayoclinic.org

2. Davidson’s Principles and Practices of Medicine, Medical Psychiatry


Homosexuality and mental health go hand in hand.

Now that I have your attention, it clearly does not in the way that you think. Being gay, trans, questioning isn’t a mental illness in any way. But studies done worldwide has shown that lesbians, gays, bisexuals, inter-sex, trans people show greater levels of anxiety, depression, suicide ideation, as well as substance addiction issues than regular population. The reason for this is the overwhelming opposition and stigma that they face and not because of their sexuality.

LGBT people can, of course, have a mental illness like any other person, but the important takeaway is that being queer is not a mental illness.

Homosexuality and / or transsexual per se doesn’t imply any impairment in judgment, memory, perception, consciousness, stability, reliability, or general social and vocational capabilities.

This is why it is high time all mental health professionals came forward and took the lead in removing the stigma of mental illness that has long been associated with LGBT individuals.


LGBT Mental Health Issues

lgbt couple

Various studies have concluded that members of the LGBT community are often discriminated by the very forces and institutions that are supposed to protect them. Stories of abuse at the hands of police, law and even hospitals are common within the community. So it is understandable that the LGBT community are at a higher risk of mental health issues like:

  • Depression
  • Suicidal feelings
  • OCD – Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
  • Anxiety disorders, including panic attacks
  • Self-harm
  • Substance use and abuse

What’s more disturbing is the fact that many LGBT mental health issues often start in the childhood and teen years. But it often goes unnoticed and undiagnosed. The statistics show that LGBT teens show a higher risk for suicide than their heterosexual peers.

Getting Help for LGBT Mental Health

lgbt help

But don’t lose hope. It’s important to know that though the facilities and resources are less and the awareness is low. There are many affirmative and safe avenues available for the LGBT community to tackle their mental health issues.

Many doctors, psychologists and therapists also self-identify as being queer themselves or as gay friendly or specializing in issues of homosexual mental health. You can find these resources through local LGBT support groups such as:

  1. http://queerala.org/ Contact – +91 80756 45060
  2. http://orinam.net/
  3. https://snehaindia.org/new/ 24 Hours Helpline


You may also get in touch with Softmind to know more about mental health issues and therapy practices.



According to the National Institute of Mental Health – Schizophrenia is a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. Although schizophrenia is not as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms can be very disabling.

According to available public records, the term Schizophrenia was first used to describe an illness in 1887, more than 100 years ago by a pioneer psychiatrist called Eugen Bleuler. And since then we have come to accept two things – that schizophrenia means a loss of touch with reality in a patient and secondly, that it is rare.

But newer studies conducted by scientists have begun to question both these points. They are trying to redefine schizophrenia, and are also coming to the conclusion that it is more common than once thought of among the general population.

Which means that now schizophrenia isn’t looked at as a specific and rare single illness, but more of an amalgamation of different type of symptoms and conditions which can also be seen in people not suffering from any mental illness.

The main problem with diagnosing someone as a schizophrenic is because of how limiting the diagnosis method is. Even a well-qualified practitioner of mental health usually looks for the following factors in a person to diagnose them as suffering from schizophrenia. Conditions like – hallucinations (hearing voices, seeing sounds that aren’t there), thought disorder (being unable to think straight), paranoia, grandiosity (delusional beliefs that one possesses special powers or is famous), and anhedonia (inability to experience pleasure).

The problem arises when the symptoms mentioned above doesn’t affect all the people and not with the same intensity also. And having one symptom doesn’t mean that you will develop any of the other either.

health professional

So what happens in the offices of a mental health professional? Most of the diagnosticians tend to look at the main problems faced by the person. And the patients too will choose to focus on problems that give them the most difficulty. And when the doctors see these problems in isolation, they quickly club the problems as the symptom of a single illness.  And when you start defining illness based on the symptoms of people in hospitals, then you end up with a definition that doesn’t take into account the problems and symptoms of majority of people who do not enter the hospital system.

at prison - prisoner

And it isn’t even that difficult to trigger the common symptoms associated with schizophrenia. Prisoners in our jails who spend vast amounts of time in solitary often ‘lose’ their mind and their thought processes. People who go without sleep for more than two nights consecutively see hallucinations and have delusions. Overdosing on alcohol and drugs can also bring about symptoms usually associated with schizophrenia.

What this suggests is that schizophrenia isn’t one specific, rare, and rigorously defined illness. Not at all, in fact, it consists of a wide range of unrelated conditions which are also seen in people not mentally ill. The severity of the conditions themselves can range from the minor to the severe. It is just that the people diagnosed as a schizophrenic often have conditions that fall on the extreme end of that spectrum.


What all could be the causes behind such conditions? What causes hallucinations and delusions and paranoia in people? According to research, the modern man living in big cities often face unprecedented stress that former generations of people before him have not faced. Lack of space, pollution, stressful jobs all contribute towards it. As does childhood experiences like poverty, early drug and alcohol abuse, migration, etc. People who have been victims of violent assaults also tend to be on top of the list of people likely to suffer from these conditions. Conditions like paranoia are also seen in people with anxiety and depressive episodes.

Family and genetic factors also play a part, but so far research hasn’t been able to single out a single specific gene responsible for causing schizophrenia. There’s likely to be different genes that are responsible for contributing to it. And like with all genetic factors, it is ultimately our environment that decides which way these genes end up shaping our lives.

At the end of the day, the idea isn’t to retell or redefine schizophrenia for the current generation. But it is simply an impetus for an idea or a thought that there’s more to mental health than what meets the eye. And that we must spend more time and resources to better understand our psychotic problems. Like with all illnesses, the diagnostic criterions change over time and I’m sure this will happen with schizophrenia as well.

If we start focussing on specific problems, then we will be able to get help to a person while targeting their specific problem. This is the only way forward, and not by planning treatment for a loosely defined illness that affects different people differently.




Morning or evening best time to share bad news? According to a new study, they say the morning is the best time to share bad news. because in the morning we know how to handle it but in the evening we will off plumping from this. So we suffer less a physiological stress response at this time

If someone hurt us physically or mentally the pain doesn’t disappear soon. The hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) is our central response system. HAP acts when we get stress.HAP it increases the level of the hormone cortisol, which helps to release the glucose for energy into the bloodstream. The stress response gives extra fuel to handle the situation.

When our body gets stress or threat our midbrain release stress hormones that are primarily cortisol and epinephrine.

There is a daily pattern in the baseline level of cortisol. There are many kinds of factors influence an individual’s cortisol level at any given time age, sex, wakeup and sleep time exercise pattern and general stress level. The level of cortisol raises the possibility of how we respond to stress in the day time.

Findings of Yujiro Yamanaka

group of people

Yujiro Yamanaka at HokkaidoUniversity and colleagues recruited 20 male and 7 female having same sleep duration and average wake/sleep time and they have no hormonal, psychiatric or sleeping problems. They collect the saliva samples of the participants every two hours for one day with saliva they can evaluate the typical daily cortisol level of the participants.

How they measure stress?

The researchers used the Trier social stress test, the test gives participants presentation and mental arithmetic performance of the participants videoed of studies. The researchers also collect the saliva sample before the test, immediately after the test and every ten minutes for half an hour.

Side view at female employee relaxing from computer work holding hands behind head, young woman stretching at workplace taking short break for rest in office to increase productivity

After the test the researchers found that the group was stressed in the morning showed a statistically significant increase in the cortisol level of participants after the test when we compared with before cortisol level. This shows a large stress response in the morning but in the evening the cortisol level is low so it does not reach statistical significance.


The researcher says that the HAP axis responds more powerful against psychological stress in the morning rather than in the evening. Animal researchers say it’s because of adrenal cortex become less sensitive to a hormone called ACTH produced by the pituitary gland that triggers the release of the cortisol for our daily process.

Addison Disease

The low cortisol level condition is known as primary adrenal insufficiency or Addison disease. The efficiency of cortisol affects the psychological stress response. if a person with Addison disease experiences psychological stress that can lead to an Addisonian crisis.


Smiling young relaxed man enjoying pleasant morning sitting on rattan chair on terrace outdoor, happy successful businessman rests outside luxury house in peaceful place, stress free weekend concept

The study was done by Yujiroshows the individual cortisol level and respond to the stress and how it responds in morning and evening. Our body is designed to be under constant stress our body naturally lowers the cortisol level during normal time. The researchers say that if stress in the evening doesn’t raise the cortisol level so it does not have to increase the glucose availability and we will become more vulnerable to any threat, it would be harder to respond in the evening. The respond in lower cortisol is always better higher cortisol level affect our health. We can say the morning is the best time to share bad words.


happy couples at psychologists

Life as you and I know it is rarely without its challenges. When we dig deeper, we find that mental health issues are the result/casualty of such challenges.

But speaking about mental health issues, the focus is mostly centered around known big name issues like – Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia, Major Depressive Disorder, Post Traumatic Disorder, etc.

These are definitely serious mental health issues, but they can be mainly managed through pharmacological interventions (as prescribed by a licensed psychiatrist), and a psychologist can at best provide only an empathetic and supporting role in their lives.

But for the vast majority of people, these big-ticket diseases aren’t what breaks them down. From the death of a loved one to everyday stressors causing anxiety, it is important to note the role a psychotherapist can play in their lives to help them solve the many problems life throws their way.

Stress and Anxiety

Portrait of a frustrated student girl sitting at the desk biting her fist. Education concept photo, lifestyle

Jobs to relationships can cause a lot of stress in people’s lives. Stress left untreated can lead to anxiety problems, social isolation, depression, among other problems.

Tip: A psychotherapist can help them manage stress and anxiety by finding the source or cause of their problems, as well as appropriate ways to overcome them.


Young business man crying abandoned lost in depression sitting, emotion face

Depression is often overwhelming feelings of helplessness or hopelessness. There is a misconception that people can simply choose to be not depressed. This is not true.

Tip: A psychotherapist can help them find their source of depression. This is often the first step to feeling better.


Young widow laying flowers at the grave

Death is an unavoidable part of life, but it is also never easy to deal with for anyone. The loss of a child, a parent, a friend, a lover or even a pet can affect different people differently. Grieving is a natural process but when that grieving leads to a loss of touch with reality, it can create bigger problems.

Tip: A psychotherapist can help them find appropriate and healthy ways to cope with the death of a loved one.



Phobias can range from being afraid of heights, spiders, fire, to public speaking and even death itself. Such unusual, irrational and unfounded fears can create substantial health problems in people’s lives.

Tip: A psychotherapist can help people overcome their fears so that they can live without phobias.


Parent and kid hands connecting couple jigsaw puzzle piece with drawn red heart

Relationships, whether family, personal, or work-related, have many ups and downs. While relationships can be the source of many joys in life, they can also be a source of stress and problems.

Tip: A psychotherapist can either individually or in a family setting, help iron out wrinkles that can form in even the strongest relationships.


addcitins to alcohol, drinking

Addictions like smoking, drinking, drug use, eating disorders, anger management, insomnia, and hypersomnia are often symptoms of larger underlying problems.

Tip: A psychotherapist can help people get to the root of those problems, and they can also help you tackle these problems immediately.

I was a psychotherapist believe in utilizing Behaviour Therapy, Cognitive Therapy and Humanistic Therapy to help people overcome their problems. Behavior Therapy focuses on our learning’s role in developing both normal and abnormal behaviours. Cognitive Therapy emphasizes what people think rather than what they do. And Humanistic Therapy emphasizes people’s capacity to make rational choices and develop to their maximum potential.

counseling by a psychologist

Identifying and managing diagnosable mental illness is priority numero uno in the psychiatric community. But providing affordable and personalized psychological help for those with a clear condition that can be managed is just as important. Aside from suffering needlessly, those in distress actually make their problems worse by avoiding professional help.

Get in touch today for a professional diagnosis and treatment plan. We at SoftMind respect your privacy and can offer you personalized treatment and care.


Stress is not as harmful as we think. There are some benefits to stress. We can classify stress into two types of’ positive stress and negative stress. If you see the stress as a benefit like boosting your brain, motivating you to success and that stressful challenge can give learning and achievement opportunity.

Many studies show that the benefits of a positive mindset. A new diary study in the European journal of work and organizational has found the implications of the stress mindset of the workplace the first investigation was led by Anne Casper.

Findings of Anne Casper

Science student using pipette in the lab to fill test tubes at the university

The researchers led by Anne Casper at the University of Mannheim found that if the employee has positive mindset the anticipating the workload on a given day that increases their performance of that day and takes more proactive step to meet the challenge they feel more energized at the end of the day these where the main factors found by Anne Casper and researchers.

How Anne Casper and Researches Came To Conclusion

Focused young woman making notes in outdoor cafe. Pretty lady wearing casual clothes and sitting at table with chairs and building in background. Education concept. Front view.

The researchers use 171 employees’ works in various fields mainly in medical, educational, health and social care and it. Their average age was 39 and half of were men. The researchers firstly completed a survey about their stress mindset. Then they give employs online diary the employee has to complete the diary three times a day in the morning, after work and before bed for five working days. In the morning the online diary asks them to answer the questions about the workload that day. After work, it asked how did they any constructive steps they’d taken to meet day’s challenges like planning or scheduling and seeing the challenge as a learning opportunity. In the evening they asked how did they perform and how energetic they felt.

Startup Business People Looking on Strategy Board Information Thoughtful

The employs with a positive stress mindset, there was a relation between expecting larger workload and make more proactive steps to deal with it and this proactive constructive behaviour was related to performing better and they feel more energized after work. But in a negative mindset the relation was reversed the more workload they anticipated they perform less constructive coping behaviour. That affects the performance of the employee and they feel less energized at day’s end the people with negative stress mindset try to cope through avoidance.

The new study shows that our stress mindset influences how we respond to the challenge. If a student with a positive stress mindset is more inclined to seek out feedback after completing the successful task.


Millennial employee taking break from computer, young businesswoman or student stretching at workplace in multiracial coworking, relaxed manager happy to finish work enjoying pause for relaxation

Anne and her colleagues show the benefits of stress and it will raise awareness among the people about the stress mindset. There is some evidence that people can help to develop a positive stress mindset. Researchers say there are some limitations stress was according to work is different there is the limit for stress over stress is harmful.

The research didn’t give any strong reasons for the effects of stress mindset. This research was focused on a single day that is not enough to evaluate. It helps to clear the negative thoughts about stress.

The study shows the about positive mindset and advantages of the stress. Overall it’s important to have good stress in our life.















We’ve experienced practising clinical hypnotherapist, consultant psychologist and Forensic Hypnologist in our team to work with people with a full range of mental health problems and emotional distress.

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