23/Apr/2019

Female tourists spread their arms and held their wings, smiling happily.

A sense of dread fills the mind of most people today. Their minds are filled with doubts and thoughts about their actions from the past. It is easy to shut the voices of criticism coming from outside. But what if the hurtful words are coming from your own mind?

I have only two words to say to you – Accept Yourself.

Read more to find out how you can overcome the many self-made barriers and accept yourself and also learn new habits to heal yourself emotionally.

Group of friends help comfort friend who are feeling sad, stressed and pressured.

Whenever we see someone get hurt or crying, we almost immediately feel compassion towards them. Even if we don’t know them, we are able to empathize with them. Now, look back at the last time you were hurt or the time you were crying. Did you show the same level of compassion and empathy to yourself?

And what did you do instead?

portrait of handsome young man pointing to the front

You blamed yourself. You found occasions in your life where you thought you had gone wrong. Your mind filled up with unwanted thoughts. Awful, embarrassing and traumatic memories from the past started occupying your mind. You started experiencing body aches and pains and you were highly disturbed by it.

Strange isn’t it? That we are often nicer to complete strangers than towards our own self?

Around 5,000 people were surveyed by the charity – Action for Happiness and the University of Hertfordshire in the UK in 2013. It listed the main habits practiced by people that led to a drastic improvement in their happiness level. In that study, self-acceptance was shown to make people most happy. In fact, self-acceptance won more points than other habits like being positive, learning new skills, and spending time with friends and family collaborating on a positive project.

young man pointing his mouth

Since you are here, one would assume that you are someone struggling with self-acceptance. So what are the barriers in front of you? Most people surveyed said that to practice self-acceptance, one would have to surrender control. I.e. not do any action and let nature/destiny take its course. This is often the biggest barrier that one faces. Because everyone likes to be in control and charge of their lives and fate. And no one likes to feel like they don’t have any control over their lives.

People also feel that self-acceptance means giving up when in real life, it only means acknowledging our situation and not trying to change it all by ourselves.

Another barrier is the inner critic that resides within us. We don’t have to completely mute him or her. But we certainly have to coax them to offer criticism more gently.

self acceptance

The good news is that it is never too late to begin the journey of self-acceptance and forgiveness. Here are a few simple steps by which you can achieve this.

Follow these simple steps –

  1. By developing feelings of compassion towards yourself.
  2. Practicing meditation and mindfulness to identify harmful ways of thinking and isolating it.
  3. Accepting the many physical ailments in your body. Be it insomnia, pains, aches, various diseases, and illnesses.
  4. Accepting the many mental traumas you have suffered. Accepting the abuse, unwanted thoughts and negative emotions.
  5. And finally, accepting your own body and personality. Celebrate and cherish who you are and what makes you unique in this world and never compare yourself with others.

Remember, acceptance isn’t a solution that magically solves the problems that you are currently facing. Acceptance is merely the starting point on the path to a solution. Self Acceptance is simply telling yourself – “Yes, this is how my life is at the moment. But this is okay. I will overcome this one day.”

Pro Tip: You can try writing positive and compassionate messages and letters to yourself.


22/Apr/2019

Exercise

exercise

Do you know? Exercise is the number one activity that has the potential to make you feel better, increase your energy levels and also reduce your stress!

And no, you don’t have to go to a gym for that. It doesn’t have to be this big, planned activity. A simple walk around your neighbourhood will help you stretch your muscles and get the blood circulating through all the muscles.

Exercise can be as simple as avoiding a vehicle when you can get somewhere on foot or avoiding the elevator when you can take the stairs instead. It can be anything you want. Just get up and start moving already!

Music

Beautiful woman listening music in morning sitting on bed at hom

Another simple and inexpensive way to feel better and improve your mood is by listening to music.

Music can influence your mood in many ways. It can calm your mind down and create positive feelings. It can also make your good moods seem even better.

Music in any language or genre has the power to stimulate a variety of positive emotions in us.

Dream

day dreaming

Go on and dream, specifically so, daydream. When we are daydreaming, our mind wanders in all directions in a haphazard manner. But if you can control your mind and channel the path your dreams take, then you will be able to turn to daydream into a beneficial activity.

It might be difficult to train your mind not to think about embarrassing things or your perceived failures while you are daydreaming. But once you manage to control your mind, then you will be able to visit these happy moments on a whim and it will provide you with a lot of pleasure.

Say Thank You

thank you

No human being in this world is a self-made person. We all have numerous people in our lives who have through various small and big gestures helped us become and get where we are today. Gratitude is a powerful emotion that helps us enjoy what we have.

Being grateful has a show to increase our happiness level and life satisfaction. And it is easy to practise. Start by saying thank you more often in our every day social transactions. And on a personal level, you can start by letting someone you know who has helped you, how much their gesture means to you. You can do this in person or through other forms of communication.

Appreciate what you have

Child lying on green grass. Kid having fun outdoors in spring park.

It is easy to waste time feeling sad about all the little things you didn’t achieve, people who didn’t love you and the opportunities that you lost. But did you know? You could always do the opposite and create meaning in life! Think about all the people who love you and the job that you are doing right now or anything else in your life that you take for granted. What if you hadn’t gotten these as well? So appreciate every little achievement and asset that you have. Use it to create personal meaning and improve satisfaction in your life.

Make positive plans

think big

Do you remember when you were young and you waited anxiously for your summer vacation to start or the times when you waited for your parents to take you to the cinemas or the beach? Do you remember that anticipation? There was so much pleasure in that wait.

You can recreate this in your adult life as well. Make plans for positive things you want to see/do/be/achieve/go to, and revel in the anticipation as you wait till the goal is met. It doesn’t matter how small the dream is, always look forward to positive things in life.

Loosen your purse strings

A doller bills in a wallet

Money can never make you happy. We have been hearing this same moral phrase since long. But did you know? Money can make you happy! How? By spending it on someone else!

When we spend money on others, two things happen. Firstly, we feel happy about ourselves because we feel responsible and giving. Secondly, it leads to forming stronger social bonds between the gifter and the receiver. And people with stronger social ties are generally happier.

Form friendships

Group of kids friends arm around sitting together

There’s an old saying that goes like this – friends are the family that you choose. It couldn’t be truer. A good friend can have and will make the best impression and improvement in your life. They will not only egg you on to help you achieve your life goals but they will also offer sound advice and criticism when you go wrong. The best kinds of friends are those who will provide a reality check and keep your feet on the ground. And people with friends are likely to socialise more and form better social relationships.

Maintain a journal

maintaining a journal

A journal needn’t be a diary wherein at the end of the day you write down everything that happened to you that day. No, instead you can write about at least three good things that happened to you that day. And if you feel that is too many, then write two good things that happened to you. Even that sounds too much? Then write that one good thing that happened to you. Now don’t tell me this is also difficult. Everyone has at least one good thing happening in their lives at any given point. Remember what we discussed earlier? Appreciate the small, little details in your life and you will find enough things to mention at the end of the day.

So go on and write about three little things that gave you happiness that day. Write also about how they made you feel better and how these came to be. Because once you know how then you can recreate this on days when you are feeling a bit blue.

Concentrate on your strengths

Young attractive female rock climber climbing challenging route on steep rock wall

What this means is quite simple. Everyone has a skill or a talent that they are good at. And it needn’t be a world-famous skill either. It could be as simple as knowing how to make a simple dish or painting or practising karate or doing accounts, etc. As I said, it could be anything!

People cheer up when they do something that they excel at. Take some time out every day to do that activity that you are good at. It is guaranteed to make you feel happier.


10/Apr/2019

Smartphone Addiction - A Real Thing?

Smartphones are an indispensable thing in our daily life. But misuse of Smartphone can lead us to an addiction basically we can call this as Smartphone addiction. Medical health experts say smartphone addiction is real and need to take into consideration, with 2.71 billion users all around the globe, as it impacts negatively.  Smartphone addiction leads us to depression, loneliness, stress, disrupted sleep, lower work productivity, and even worse – the decline in wellbeing.

A group of psychiatry and psychology researchers from Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil found that smartphone addiction can lead to poorer decision-making.  Another research team Caglar Yildirim from the State University of New York at Oswego and Ana-Paula Correia from the Ohio State University got a better understanding of Nomophobia – no mobile phone phobia.

Findings of Caglar Yildirim and Ana Paula Correia

Close up of an upset girl with tousled hair having a bad day on the phone

They developed 20 item nomophobia questionnaire for some undergrad students by a discussion with them Yildirim and Correia revealed some key themes

  • The fear to not able to communicate
  • Losing connectedness
  • Not being able to access an information
  • Giving up convenience

Researchers realized that nomophobia is a real thing – the fear of no mobile phone contact.

Research Carried out by Juliya Machado Khoury

smartphone addction

In frontiers in psychiatry shows people with notional smartphone addiction are high about 25% of the population in the US; 10% of adolescents in the UK; and 43% in Brazil.  Studies in several countries reported a high prevalence of smartphone addiction, especially on the university students the prevalence of Smartphone addiction on among on the young students is estimated 6% in Italy; 38% in Spain; 18.8%in Japan; 28.7% in the Netherlands; 44% in India; 67% in UAE.

Julia Machado Khoury at The Federal University of Gerais and her colleagues found that Smartphone addiction has caused negative consequences and functional impairments in students. Smartphone addiction affects their academic performance and sleeps quality.

smarphone user bad sleep

The research was conducted on that 47 graduate student’s age 18 to 25 high enough to qualify as have an addiction. Later researchers compared these students performance in 43 matched controls on widely used decision-making tasks. They compared the performance in the Iowa gambling task (IGT), a game of dice task (GDT) and skin conductance response (SCR).  Iowa gambling task is a psychological task to simulate real-life decision making.

Researchers make four decks contain some cards they have to make money much as possible by selecting the face-down card. Each card indicates whether they’ve earned or lost money. In the game of dice task, the participants have to make money through a series of a dice throw in which the rules and the probabilities of winning the different amount were stable and so predictable throughout.

Findings by Juliya Machado Khoury

game of dice

The participants who score more in a game of dice of task they were worse in the Iowa gambling task and greater severity of their purported addiction as indicated by smartphone addiction inventory result, the worse their performance the researchers says “the decision –making under ambiguity reflects more strongly the reality of daily decisions which are made without prior certainty of the probability of each outcome”

When researchers monitored the participant’s skin conductance data throughout they look for the change in fact. When they look at the responsiveness in receiving the rewards or punishment the Smartphone addiction shows lower skin conductance responsiveness before disadvantageous choices, and higher responsiveness after reward winning and lower responsiveness after punishments. The shows that Smartphone addiction has difficulty in recognizing disadvantageous alternatives, high sensitivity to rewards and low sensitivity to punishments.

Julia argues that the participants who score more in Smartphone addiction guided more by the search for reward than avoidance of the punishment. They added that this would help to maintain or maybe even wore their addiction, and helps in academic performance and worse the social relationships.

Julia and her colleagues say people who have a tendency to gain rewards over avoiding punishments may be more likely to develop smartphone addiction, which would make the tendency to addiction worse. We can notice that the new research gives no evidence for the worsening effect.

Conclusion

Focused Man Using Smartphone on Sofa at Night

Julia and her colleague’s finding say that smartphone addiction is genuine addiction. But their findings have some clinical implications long term use of a smartphone can develop emotional regulations, awareness of body signs postponement of rewards. But there effective ways to overcome this strategy including physical exercise focused attention on training, biofeedback and cognitive behavioral therapy these may help to overcome Smartphone addiction. The relationship with Smartphone is an unhealthy relationship prevent it before getting worse.


05/Apr/2019

social media user - happy or not - Diverse people with social media icons

Researchers these days are getting opportunities to study and investigate people’s emotional state with 2.77 million social media users worldwide in 2019.  In 2011 Scoot A. Golder and his team from Department of Sociology, Cornell University published a research paper on ‘diurnal and seasonal mood vary with work, sleep, and daylength across diverse cultures ’ which mentions that positive emotional words are often found more in morning tweets.  This research work from Scoot helped us to analysis that word choice reflects our psychological states.

However Jessie Sun, a graduate student from the University of California, Davis states contrary to what Scoot published in her research paper ‘The language of well-being: tracking fluctuations in emotion experience through everyday speech’.  Jessie and her team found that emotion-related words do not, in fact, provide a good indication of a person’s mood, there might be another set of words that actually do.

In this blog post, we will explain to you what Jessie’s finding was contrary to Scoot’s findings and happy words used by social media users really mean the same.

How Jessie Sun & the Research Team Came to the Conclusion

Research Team Came to the Conclusion

For her research, Jessie and her team gave a recording device to 185 American university students for a week to record their communication activity. They measured positive and negative emotions of students and ended up with 150,000 recordings which research assistants transcribed for over a course of two years.  They estimated each recording with respect to positive and negative emotion words it contained by running the text through Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count analysis programme.

This helped Jessie and her team to come up with 1,579 language-based emotion measurements that helped her to compare directly to participants’ self-reported mood.

Findings by Jessie Sun #1:  Contrary to the Past Studies Assumptions

Contrary

Jessie and her team came to realize that, contrary to the assumptions of former studies, the number of emotional words (positive and negative) has no correlation with participants’ actual mood.  She explained that her findings suggest that researchers assume the fluctuations in the ‘use of emotional words’ can be used as a proxy for subjective motion experience, at least for spoken language.

Findings by Jessie Sun #2:  Unrelated words to Emotion can predict the Mood

Unrelated words to Emotion can predict the Mood

Through the analysis, Jessie found that participants’ mood can be predicted with another set of words that are not related to emotion.  Socializing words such as “you” or “we” put forward a positive emotion, and math words such as “minus” and “numbers” weren’t as much.  However, she came to realize that these associations were actually week and cannot definitely be used to measure emotion.

Finds by Jessie Sun #3:  Usage of Positive words in Negative Context

 Usage of Positive words in Negative Context

Jessie found a more possible explanation for the null results in the study. They found that participant using alternatively positive dictionary words into a negative context: for example, the word pretty appear positive in the dictionary but it could be used in negative context (e.g. “it was pretty terrible”).

Conclusion

emotional words in social media

Jessie Sun & her team put forward a wonderful inference, even though with though taking the accounts of limitations.  The study establishes the significance of checking the validity of the tool in psychology research.   They nearly prove that early psychological fact was contrary to their research analysis. The users who use more positive or negative emotional words in social media, they are not actually experiencing those emotions.


02/Apr/2019

depression - Sad man holding head with hand

Depression is THE big D word that people nowadays use all the time. But did you know? Being depressed is much more than being sad all the time or thinking that your life is worthless. Depression may have gotten easier to state to medical professionals, but it is still harder to deal with for the patient and difficult to treat for the doctor. This is because depressed people feel helpless, hopeless and feel that their lives are out of control most of the time.

We’ll see what it means to have depression and how we can manage it in the following sections.

ARE DEPRESSIVE PEOPLE MORE REALISTIC?

Depression - Young business man crying abandoned lost in depression sitting, emotion face

According to numerous studies done, people who are depressed tend to have a more realistic and nuanced assessment of their abilities and skills and of how well they have performed on a task. People who are not depressed often see the world through optimistic eyes and think they have more abilities than they actually possess. Depressed people are more critical of their work and self-appraises more accurately.

AIMLESS

aimless - Center of a bullseye with colorful darts nailed, target concept.

People who suffer from depression tend not to have any specific goals in life. They see everything in life through the same lens and treat everything with apathy or in an abstract nature.

When you interact with people who are depressed, you will notice in the way they describe their future goals. It will never be anything specific. It will always be something generic like – I want to be happy, I want peace in my life, etc. They never say and they never have any concrete plans to achieve their goals.

Helpful Tip – Remember – specific goals are more likely to be achieved than generalized goals. Example : I’ll greet my parents every morning Vs I want to improve my relationship with my parents.

EFFECT ON MEMORY

effect on memory - Happy pensive senior lady embracing her daughter at home. Positive family sitting on sofa and brining up past. Family together concept

Not many people know this but depression can actually have an adverse effect on your memory. This is especially so in the case of remembering specific facts like names and places.

It has been said that this could be because depressed people tend to lose the ability to differentiate between similar experiences. Depression also affects your spacial awareness and your ability to give meaning to various life events.

What this means is that depressed people will find it difficult to remember the happy moments and events from their lives.

 

One way to overcome this is by creating a memory bank wherein you purposely store all your good and happy memories and access it every time life seems too bleak and sad for you.

THOUGHTS ON A ROLL

Thoughts on a roll - 3D render of a male figure stood in front of a maze

One of the most important symptoms seen in depressed minds is that of a single or at times multiple sad and fearful thoughts circulating on a loop. This is known as thought rumination. This is when certain depressing thoughts keep going over and over in your mind.

The solution to this isn’t to tell the person to stop doing it. This method is as effective as telling a person to stop thinking about oranges. He won’t be able to do it. Never mind the fact that he wasn’t even thinking about an orange in the first place!

Instead, we should get the person to engage in – Mindfulness. It is nothing but learning to live in the present. When you focus on the now, this moment that you are alive, then you will be able to stop thinking about your past regrets and future worries.

CATCH ‘EM YOUNG

catch them young - asian kids doing yoga pose in the park outdoor

Since we have started accepting that mindfulness is useful in treating depressive episodes, here’s a revolutionary thought – why not teach it to children! Everyone knows that children often have a hard time focussing on any one thing at a time and are often skipping along from one activity to the other.

If we were to teach mindfulness to children, then it will teach them to focus on one activity at a time from a young age and this will certainly aid in reducing chances of future episodes of depression.

1… 2… 3… EXERCISE!

exercise - Close up shoes Female runner tying her shoes for a jogging exercise

Endorphins and oxytocin are hormones in our body that help in making us feel good about ourselves. These hormone levels increase and get released into our body when we exercise. Any form of exercise not only makes you feel good in the short run but they are also great at stopping future episodes of depression.

CHANGE THE WAY YOU THINK

Change the way you think - Portrait of young latin woman sitting on the floor looking up, thinking of something fun and having an idea, concept of imagination, happy and excited. Holding a laptop.

People often mistakenly think that depression is caused by some major traumatic event. While such events can contribute to it, this isn’t always the case.

Most often, depression is nothing but our reaction to every day events and people that causes high level of stress in us.

So even if we have no control over the events and people affecting us, we can at least control our thinking and our way of reacting to these developments.

Helpful Tip – It is entirely possible to help a person change the way they think, and teach them positive coping strategies that can mitigate and reduce their stress levels.

consult a psychologist

* If you or any one you know may be suffering from depression, then don’t hesitate to contact a mental health professional today.


18/Mar/2019

Mimicking

father-child

 

You have probably heard that first impressions matter. But in the case of children, not only the first but also the second and the third and the fourth and so on, matter. If you are not a celebrity, chances are that the only people who will mimic you in your lifetime will be your children.

Your children, even if you haven’t noticed this, are constantly watching you, and even when they aren’t, they are listening to you and learning everything from you. And what they learn and how they learn impacts them and their future behaviour.

If you want your kid to show respect, you need to act respectfully towards the world first.

Whatever change you want to see in your child, make sure you demonstrate it first in your interactions with them and the people around you.

Remember. Children are products of the environment they grow up in. Provide good choices.

Playing House

While your child’s favourite game on mobile, console or PC might be the rage around the world and is what all the ‘cool’ kids are playing, there’s another game out there that they are missing out on. And did you know? This game is absolutely easy to play! And moreover, it doesn’t cost anything!

Playing house isn’t a new game at all. It is what generations before used to do during playtime to engage their little imaginative minds. When you get your hands and knees dirty and build houses and castles in the sand, and stir imaginative tasty dishes in a pot over an equally imaginative fire, then something magical happens. You are not simply killing time or finding a cure for boredom but also improving your child’s imagination and creativity and helping them prepare for life ahead.

So what are you waiting for? Help your child play house today. Or wait around till your 30 something child makes a social media post about ‘adulting’ after they have finished cleaning their dishes for the first time!

 

Happy

Here’s a little superstition that I’m sure most of you have grown up with. Touching on wood or knocking on your own head or doing umpteen things to castigate yourself for feeling too much happiness or being too happy!

I’ve never quite understood that to be honest. What’s wrong with being happy? Further along, what’s wrong with being too happy? Being happy is the precursor to all other good emotions in life. It is from where goodness, kindness, affection, love and respect get a chance to grow.

And for a child, most of his happiness will stem from the early friendships they will make. Making new friends and maintaining a healthy relationship with their new friends will help your child grow. Letting you child interact with their friend at a social setting provides them with a chance to develop skills necessary to interact with the whole world much later. It not only provides them with important social skills but also aids in the development of their emotional intelligence and thinking powers.

Communication

 

Google and Alexa can wait. Encourage your children to ask you the questions instead. No matter how seemingly stupid, silly, or embarrassing they may seem to them. Encourage them to ask questions. Period. And when they do, put aside whatever you are doing at that moment and listen to them. And I mean, really listen to what they have to say and not just hear the sound of the words coming out of their mouth. When you do this, your child will become comfortable in approaching you and this will especially help later on in their lives.

You are never too late to start or make this change. Stop being passive viewers in your child’s development; instead become an active and avid participant.

Spousal alert

A child’s mental and emotional development depends on the environment they grow up in. Circling back to the earlier point that children mimic and model their behaviour and thinking pattern based on what they see around the house. It is crucial to realize that, how you treat your spouse and how they treat you back influence your child more that you would like to believe.

A child brought up in a happy, conducive and safe marital environment will go on to recreate such secure adult relationships later on in their lives. While those brought up in an emotionally abusive environment may end up becoming abusers themselves in their adult lives.


10/Mar/2019

In earlier times there wasn’t much emphasis placed on doing parenting the right way. People didn’t even consider parenting style choices when it came to raising their children. It was quite simple for them – children had to listen to their parents, and if they didn’t, they had to be disciplined, which was mostly through a form of corporal punishment. But we have come a long way since then. Psychology and research into this field has shown us how we can guide our children on to the right path with positive discipline and loving guidance.

To be a modern parent means acquiring yourself with modern parenting skills like authoritative parenting, which is not to be confused with authoritarian parenting. In authoritative parenting, you are more acquainted with a child’s day to day needs and responsibilities. And instead of punishing their bad behaviour, we creatively try to influence them to adopt more positive behaviour. This can be done by approaching your children with love and kindness; and also by having empathy in your heart. This means trying to look at events and thoughts from their point of view as well before reacting to it. Such an approach will contribute immensely towards improving your relationship with your child and also develop their overall happiness and mental health.

As a parent you should never shy away from offering your children responsibilities and chores to do around the house appropriate to their age. It has been proved that such children learn consideration and responsibility early in life. Thus, you are helping and enabling them to face the realities of life from a young age itself.

When children are forced to follow a set of arbitrary rules, and failing which they are punished, it can then have an immense impact on their young minds and social well-being.

 

No one is born a parent, we become one eventually, and it can never be accomplished alone. Parents are not always prepared to be parents. They will need support and they will need to learn new things every day. You will never master the skills required to be a decent parent because you the individual and your child are growing up and becoming new people every day. However, you should always provide a safe and engaging environment at home where your child can grow up, make mistakes, learn, and become the healthy social adults that they are meant to become.

And along with taking care of your child, you the parent shouldn’t forget to take care of yourself in the midst of all this. Parenting is a stressful, never ending job. And when you give importance to and uphold well-being, self-care and self-esteem in your life, then you will be able to pass these qualities to your children as well.


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13/Nov/2018

You’re driving to work one day when you suddenly wonder, Did I turn off the stove? You begin to mentally trace your steps from earlier that morning, but you still can’t remember turning it off. You probably did…but what if you didn’t? Your anxiety begins to build as the image of the stove catching on fire pops into your head. Just then, the person in the car in front of you slams on the brakes. you clutch the steering wheel tightly and hit your own brakes hard, stopping  just in time .your whole body is active with as surge of energy and your heart is pounding, but you’re safe. You take some deep breaths. That was close!

Anxiety it seems is around us. If youcarefully consider the events in the scenario above, you’ll notice that they illustrate two very different way that anxiety begins: through what we think about, and through reactions to our environment. This is because anxiety can be initiated by two very different areas of the human brain: the cortex and the amygdala. This understanding is the result of year of research in a field known as neuroscience, which is the science of the nervous system, including the brain.

The simple example above, involving both the imagined stove and the braking car, two separate pathways in the brain can give rise to anxiety, and each pathway needs to be understood and treated for maximum relief .In that example ,anxiety was aroused in the cortex pathway by thought and images of the risks of leaving the stove on all day .And information  from another anxiety-producing pathway, traveling more directly through the amygdala, ensured a quick reaction to avoid rear-ending another car.

Everyone is capable of experiencing anxiety through both pathways. Some people may find that their anxiety arises more frequently in one pathway than the other. As you will have to understand recognizing the two pathways and handling each in the most effective manner is essential. Lets us scientific  ways to modify circuits in each pathway in order to make anxiety less of a burden in our life. we can actually change the pathways in our brain so that we are less likely to create anxiety.


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13/Nov/2018

The most exciting parts of the brain when it comes to neurogenesis — and this is the hippocampus. So this is this gray structure in the center of the brain. And what we’ve known already for very long, is that this is important for learning, memory, mood and emotion. However, what we have learned more recently is that this is one of the unique structures of the adult brain where new neurons can be generated. And if we slice through the hippocampus and zoom in, what you actually see here in blue is a newborn neuron in an adult mouse brain. So when it comes to the human brain which produces 700 new neurons per day in the hippocampus. .

So why are these new neurons important and what are their functions? First, we know that they’re important for learning and memory.  if we block the ability of the adult brain to produce new neurons in the hippocampus, then we block certain memory abilities. And this is especially new and true for spatial recognition .We are still learning a lot, and neurons are not only important for memory capacity, but also for the quality of the memory. And they will have been helpful to add time to our memory and they will help differentiate very similar memories, like: how do you find your bike that you park at the station every day in the same area, but in a slightly different position?

So activity impacts neurogenesis, but that’s not all. What you eat will have an effect on the production of new neurons in the hippocampus. So here we have a sample of diet — of nutrients that have been shown to have efficacy. 

:Calorie restriction of 20 to 30 percent will increase neurogenesis. Intermittent fasting — spacing the time between your meals — will increase neurogenesis. Intake of flavonoids,which are contained in dark chocolate or blueberries, will increase neurogenesis. Omega-3 fatty acids, present in fatty fish, like salmon, will increase the production of these new neurons. Conversely, a diet rich in high saturated fat will have a negative impact on neurogenesis. Ethanol — intake of alcohol — will decrease neurogenesis. However, not everything is lost; resveratrol, which is contained in red wine, has been shown to promote the survival of these new neurons.  soft diet impairs neurogenesis, as opposed to food that requires mastication — chewing — or crunchy food.

So all of this data, where we need to look at the cellular level, has been generated using animal models. But this diet has also been given to human participants, and what we could see is that the diet modulates memory and mood in the same direction as it modulates neurogenesis, such as: calorie restriction will improve memory capacity, whereas a high-fat diet will exacerbate symptoms of depression — as opposed to omega-3 fatty acids, which increase neurogenesis, and also help to decrease the symptoms of depression. So we think that the effect of diet on mental health, on memory and mood, is actually mediated by the production of the new neurons in the hippocampus. And it’s not only what you eat, but it’s also the texture of the food, when you eat it and how much of it you eat.


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13/Nov/2018

Human beings have a feeling called consciousness. Consciousness is one of the fundamental facts of human existence. Each of us is conscious. Consciousness also is what makes life worth living. If we weren’t conscious, nothing in our lives would have meaning or value. 

The centerpiece of the science of consciousness in recent years has been the search for correlations, correlations between certain areas of the brain and certain states of consciousness.  Now we understand much better, for example,the kinds of brain areas that go along with the conscious experience of seeing faces or of feeling pain or of feeling happy. 

It is consciousness which helps us connect to this world.Consciousness is a temporary mental activity.Its basis is on the present times.We only have a memory of the past moments.We cant experience the same in the present.Each moment , our consciousness is getting evolved.Our surroundings have been influencing us.

Our consciousness has some limitations.In deep sleep we are not conscious of our existence.But the truth is that human beings tend to accept and process information continuously even during sleep.This happens due to the continuous change in the neuron connections in the nervous system.Even when we are awake, we are not aware of the various kinds of activities happening in our body.We dont even know what is happening at each moment inside the brain cells whichmaintains out consciousness.The feeling of consciousness is created by the brain’s activities.The consciousness in human beings is formed as a result of the combined functioning of various parts of the brain.The consciousness changes according to the state of the brain.The primary duty of the consciousness is to understand the surroundings, the changes happening to the surroundings and the influence it creates.

We are all conscious of an ‘I’ within us. The consciousness, ‘I’ , is a collective form of our emotions, thoughts and the ideas , intelligence, memories, imaginations which we are filled with.We dont have this consciousness by birth.It is formed in the same manner as social consciousness is developed within us.

The extra sensory experiences happening to many people can be explained based on neuroscience.Today a neuroscientist can make us experience these extra sensory experiences using one or two electrodes.For each experience zone , there exists corresponding areas on the brain.Sometimes we might not experience pain when a rod passes through our head.A person having epilepsy or a similar brain related disorder may consider herself to be an extra ordinary person, an incarnation to save the world; she/he might even experience that her/his body is being lifted up up in the air.


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