• What
  • How it Feels
  • Causes
  • Related Disorders
  • When to Seek Help
  • Techniques to Manage
  • Outlook

What are Stress and Anxiety?

Having certain amount of stress in a person’s life is normal. With the help of few simple techniques and strategies, a person is able to cope up with it. However unmanageable stress and anxiety are always unhealthy, both physically and psychologically. It becomes significant to seek a professional help if a person is not able to cope or control with their stress and anxiety which impacts their day-to-day life activities.

Stress is illustrated as a demand which is put before your brain or physical body. Reports from the researches shows that when multiple demands are put in front of a person, they are reported to feel “stressed”. Stressed feeling can be triggered by getting into an situation where the person feels frustrated or nervous.

Anxiety is triggered by feeling or fear, uneasiness or worry. It can lead to stress. Stress and anxiety are not considered to the bad. In actuality, it helps a person to overcome any challenges or dangerous situations. For a normal person, stress and anxiety includes worrying about finding a job, or feeling nervous for a big test. If the person doesn’t feels anxious, there is not motivation to do things which are mint to be done. For instance, if a person doesn’t feel anxious about a big test, that person will not have motivation to pass the test.

However the problems start when stress and anxiety starts to interfere with our daily life. It showcases a serious problem. If a person is avoiding any situation out of unreasonable fear, regular worries or sever anxiety regarding a traumatic event even after a long time. That person needs to be brought for professional help

What do Stress and Anxiety Feel like?

Physical and psychological symptoms are triggered with stress and anxiety. Level of stress and anxiety vary from one person to another. The most common physical symptoms are:

  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Sleeping trouble
  • Stomach ache
  • Perspiring
  • Headache
  • Fast & short breath
  • Frequent urination
  • Change in appetite
  • Shivering
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea

In spite of physical symptoms, a person experiencing stress and anxiety can also cause mental or emotional symptoms. These symptoms include:

  • Feeling of awaiting disaster
  • Panic in social settings
  • Bad temper
  • Lack of concentration
  • Impatience

Victims of stress and anxiety for a long time experience negative impact on their health. This leads to heart diseases, high blood pressure, and diabetes and also can lead to depression and panic disorder.

What Causes Stress and Anxiety?

For many, stress and anxiety comes and goes. It usually takes place in a particular life events, however fades with time.

Common Causes

  • Moving on
  • Starting a new school or job
  • Having an illness or injury
  • Having a friend or family member who is ill or injured
  • Death of a loved one
  • Getting married
  • Having the first baby

Stress and Anxiety Related Disorders

When a victim experience out of proportion stress and anxiety, it may show the signs of an anxiety disorder. Victims with this disorder always feel anxious and stressed in their day-to-day life and for a prolonged time interval. These disorders include:

  • Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD): It is the most common type of anxiety disorder which leads to worry which is out of control. Few victims worry about bad things may happen to them or their loved ones, on the other hand other victims may not be able to recognize any source of worry.
  • Panic disorder: It leads the victim to experience extreme fear, rapid heartbeat, short and fast breath, and most commonly known as panic attacks.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): A condition which leads the victims to recall a traumatic event leading to anxiety.
  • Social phobia: The victim experiences an extreme level of anxiety when interacting with people.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder: The experiences repetitive thoughts and compulsion to do the tasks again and again.

Seeking Professional Help for Stress and Anxiety

If the victim is incapable to deal with stress and anxiety, the consultant psychologist may suggest psychotherapy, which is commonly known as talk therapy. This therapy will help you through your condition. Consultant psychologist will also teach you applied relaxation techniques which will help the victim to manage their stress.

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is most comment and effective mode of treatment to manage anxiety. It helps the victim to recognize their anxious thoughts and change in behaviours and thus bring positive behaviours.

Exposure therapy and systematic diminished emotional responsiveness are effective for treating social phobias. This treatment involves, exposing the victim to anxiety-provoking situations and help the victim to manage their fear.

Techniques to Manage Stress and Anxiety

It’s absolutely normal to experience stress and anxiety in our normal life. There are several methods and techniques which will help you to manage them. Consultant psychologist will help the victim to recognize how the victim’s mind and body responds to stressful and anxiety-producing situations. This will help the victim to foresee the reaction during a stressful experience and thus making it less disturbing.

Managing Everyday Stress and Anxiety

Changes in lifestyle can help the victim to improve from the symptoms of the condition. This technique is mostly followed along with medical treatment for anxiety. The most followed techniques to reduce stress and anxiety are:

  • Having a balanced diet
  • Avoiding consumption of alcohol and caffeine
  • Getting sound sleep
  • Exercise on regular basis
  • Sparing time for hobbies
  • Meditation
  • Practicing deep breathing
  • Identifying the causes which triggers stress

Beware, if the victim has temptation or uses alcohol or drugs to deal with stress and anxiety. This tendency can lead the victim to severe substance abuse issues and thus making the condition worse.

What is the Long-Term Outlook for Stress and Anxiety?

Dealing with stress and anxiety is always unpleasant. If untreated, it can have adverse effect on the victim’s physical health conditions. It’s normal to have some amount of stress and anxiety, however it is important to recognize when the stress affects the life negatively. When you feel that your stress and anxiety is becoming unmanageable then you should seek a professional help.


We’ve experienced practising clinical hypnotherapist, consultant psychologist and Forensic Hypnologist in our team to work with people with a full range of mental health problems and emotional distress.

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