• What
  • Causes
  • Risk Factors
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosed
  • Treatment
  • Outlook
  • Prevent

What is Panic Disorder?

Panic disorder usually takes places when the victim constantly lives in fear of having any panic attack. Victim may experience panic attack when the victim undergoes sudden, devastating terror which has no apparent reason. Victim may experience few physical symptoms which includes but not limited to rapid heartbeat, face difficulties to breath and heavy sweating.

Usually most people experience panic attack once or twice in their lifespan. Panic disorder is characterized by having constant fear of having another attack after the victim experience one or more panic attacks.

Symptoms associated of panic disorder are quite devastating as well as alarming; however it can be improved with proper treatment. Consulting a professional help is one of the most significant thing to do so that victim can experience lower symptoms and improve their life.

What Causes Panic Disorder?

The real cause for panic disorder is still not clearly understood. Several researches shows proof that panic disorder is linked genetically. With any significant transition which takes place in life, panic disorders can take place. Few of such events includes but not limited to leaving college, getting married, having the first child. These events create a lot of stress in the victim and can lead to panic disorder development

Who is at Risk for Developing Panic Disorder?

Since the cause for panic disorder is still not clearly understood, information associated with the condition indicates that women are twice as likely as men to develop panic disorder.

What are the Symptoms of Panic Disorder?

Panic disorder symptoms start to appear among teenagers and adults who are under the age of 25.

Often without any warning, victim experience intense fear which takes place suddenly. Victim experience panic attack for a duration of 10-20 minutes, however in certain cases, victim may experience panic attack which will last for over an hour. Each victim may experience different level of symptoms.

The common symptoms which the victims may experience are:

  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Tremor
  • Breath shortness
  • Vertigo
  • Unsteadiness
  • Nausea
  • Perspiring
  • Wavering
  • Numbness or tingling in hands or feet
  • Change in mental state which includes detachment feeling
  • Chest pain
  • Fear of death

Panic attack symptoms often occur without a clear reason. The symptoms associated with panic disorder do not show proportionality towards the level of fear or danger which actually exist. As these panic attacks cannot be predicted, they can affect the victim’s functioning.

Unfortunately, the fear of having a panic attack or recall one may lead to another panic attack.

How is Panic Disorder Diagnosed?

A person who is the victim of panic disorder, need to seek emergency medical care upon showcasing the symptoms. Victims who experience the panic disorder for the first time often misinterpret it as heart attack.

At the emergency room, doctor will conduct several tests to check if the symptoms which victim shows are caused due to heart attack. Blood tests are also conducted to check whether the victim has any other conditions which display the symptoms. To start diagnosing for panic disorder, doctor need to rule out the possibilities for any other medical conditions.

How is Panic Disorder Treated?

Panic disorder treatment completely focuses on eliminating the symptoms which the condition showcases. It can be accomplished with the help of a consultant psychologist. Consultant psychologist recommends cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT), as this therapy helps to teach the victim about the changes which takes place in their thoughts and actions so that victim can understand their panic attacks and gradually mange their fear.

In addition to cognitive-behavioural therapy, consultant psychologist recommends the victim to do several things which will help to reduce the symptoms, which includes:

  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle
  • Exercise regularly
  • Healthy sleep
  • Avoiding caffeine and alcohol

What is the Outlook for a Patient with Panic Disorder?

Panic disorder is often a chronic or long-term condition which is really hard to treat. Often few victims with panic disorder have no response to the treatment. On the other hand, few victims may have periods without symptoms and periods with severe symptoms. However majority of victims who experience panic disorder have shown relief with proper treatment.

How can Panic Disorder be Prevented?

Preventing panic disorder is not possible. However victim can reduce their symptoms by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and avoiding consuming alcohol and caffeine.


We’ve experienced practising clinical hypnotherapist, consultant psychologist and Forensic Hypnologist in our team to work with people with a full range of mental health problems and emotional distress.

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