• What
  • Risk Factors
  • Symptoms
  • Diagnosed
  • Treatment

What is Insomnia?

Insomnia is generally classified as sleep disorder. Victims usually experience difficultly in falling asleep, staying asleep or both. After their sleeping hours, victims never feel refreshed when they wake up, thus leading to fatigue and other symptoms. Insomnia can be of two types short-term (acute) or long term (chronic).

What Factors can Increase One’s Risk of Developing Insomnia?

Having sleeping trouble may be caused due to several reasons and are often linked to victims sleeping habits, lifestyle as well as circumstances. These include:

  • unbalanced sleeping schedule
  • day sleeping
  • late night jobs
  • no exercise
  • using electronic devices such as laptop and Smartphone during bedtime
  • unhealthy sleeping environment
  • recent death of a loved one
  • recent job loss
  • various sources of stress
  • anticipation about coming events
  • different time zone travelling during recent times

People who are affected with some medical conditions are much more likely to be a victim of insomnia which compared with general population. The medical conditions include:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Dipolar disorder
  • Sleep apnea
  • Thyroid disease
  • Restless legs syndrome

Using certain substance brings a negative impact on sleep. The substances include:

  • Caffeine
  • Nicotine
  • Alcohol
  • Drugs
  • Cold medicines
  • Diet pills
  • Certain prescription medications

Symptoms of Insomnia

People who are victims of insomnia shows at least one of these symptoms:

  • Waking up too early at morning
  • Un-refreshing sleep
  • Concentration issues
  • Fatigue
  • Difficulty falling or staying asleep
  • Mood swings such as bad temper
  • School or relationship problems

Diagnosing Insomnia

When comparing with other disorders, insomnia does not have a specific diagnostic test. Consultant psychologist will ask the victim a series of questions about your medical, social, emotional, and psychological conditional along with your sleep history. After receiving the details, psychologist can help the victim to find the fundamental reason which leads to sleeping problem. Consultant psychologist may ask the victim to track the sleep with:

  • Keep a sleep log
  • Check when the victim falls asleep
  • Check if the victim repeatedly wake up during the sleep hours
  • Check at what time the victim wakes up everyday

Tracking the victims sleeping patterns helps the therapist to get a crystal clear picture on the victims sleeping habits. To be precise, psychologist may ask for few medical tests to rule out the possibility of any medical problems which affects the victim’s sleep patterns.

To carry out an in-depth analysis on the sleeping pattern, consultant psychologist may conduct a sleep study. To conduct a sleep study, victim may need to stay overnight at the sleep center. An electroencephalography (ECG) machine is used to record the victim’s sleep cycles and brainwaves. This study provides the therapist with neuroelectrical and physiological information about the victim which will help the therapist to understand the victim’s sleep problems.

Treatment for Insomnia

Victims suffering the Insomnia can carry out pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical treatments. Consultant psychologist will be able to suggest you on what type of treatment are recommended for the victim or you can try both to know which one is effective for you.

Consultant psychologist may recommend you sleep hygiene training. Sleep hygiene training is suggested for those victims who require training to change some of their disorderly behaviours. This includes stay away from caffeinated beverages or exercises near bed time, to reduce the victim’s time from bed when the victim has no intention to fall asleep for example: not to watch TV while in bed.

If the victim has insomnia due to any psychological or medical disorder, then the consultant psychologist may treat you for the concern disorder to ease your sleep problems.

Many consider insomnia as a small inconvenience or nuisance, to be frank; it’s a real sleep disorder and needs to be treated. If you think, that you’re a victim of insomnia, then talk to a consultant psychologist near to you.


We’ve experienced practising clinical hypnotherapist, consultant psychologist and Forensic Hypnologist in our team to work with people with a full range of mental health problems and emotional distress.

Social Profiles

Copyright © SoftMind - 2019. All Rights Reserved