When comparing with other disorders, insomnia does not have a specific diagnostic test. Consultant psychologist will ask the victim a series of questions about your medical, social, emotional, and psychological conditional along with your sleep history. After receiving the details, psychologist can help the victim to find the fundamental reason which leads to sleeping problem. Consultant psychologist may ask the victim to track the sleep with:
- Keep a sleep log
- Check when the victim falls asleep
- Check if the victim repeatedly wake up during the sleep hours
- Check at what time the victim wakes up everyday
Tracking the victims sleeping patterns helps the therapist to get a crystal clear picture on the victims sleeping habits. To be precise, psychologist may ask for few medical tests to rule out the possibility of any medical problems which affects the victim’s sleep patterns.
To carry out an in-depth analysis on the sleeping pattern, consultant psychologist may conduct a sleep study. To conduct a sleep study, victim may need to stay overnight at the sleep center. An electroencephalography (ECG) machine is used to record the victim’s sleep cycles and brainwaves. This study provides the therapist with neuroelectrical and physiological information about the victim which will help the therapist to understand the victim’s sleep problems.