What are the Types of Eating Disorders?
A person who is victim of anorexia nervosa is generally obsessed over eating food and weight control. Victims usually have an absurd fear about gaining weight. Several victims consider themselves as overweight or obese, even though the victims are evidently shown that they are malnourished and underweight.
It is very common among a victim to weigh themselves several times during a day. Due to fear of gaining weight, victim also obsessively cut down their food habits when they eat. Anorexia nerosa is one the least common eating disorders among the three, however most deadly type.
Side effects or health problems which anorexia nervosa includes:
- Dry, yellow-tinted skin
- Low blood pressure
- Muscle weakness
- Low pulse and breathing
- Feeling exhausted
- Lack of menstruation (period) among females
- Lanugo, or fine hair growth that covers the body
- Lower internal body temperature
Anorexia nervosa when left untreated may cause severe complications to the victim, which includes but not limited not:
- Brain damage
- Heart damage
- Organ failure
- Death (as victims are 18 times more prone to die)
A person who is victim of bulimia nervosa generally eats a lot of food at a time, that too privately. This is often referred as binge eating. A person who is a victim of bulimia nervosa usually experience that their eating behaviour are out of control. To balance their excessive eating, victim undergoes excessive exercise, fasting or self-induced vomiting. Victim may also undergo enema, laxatives, or diuretics.
When compared with the victims of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa victims usually appear to be healthy and of average weight. However the victim still fears of gaining uncontrolled weight and often is unsatisfied about how they look. The ultimate goal of the victim becomes an obsession.
Approximately one percent of the U.S. population will have bulimia nervosa in their lifetime. The average age of onset for the illness is 20 years old.
The physical side effects of bulimia nervosa include:
- Acid reflux disorder
- Constantly sore or inflamed throat
- Gastrointestinal problems
- Dehydration from purging fluids and vomiting
- Electrolyte imbalance
- Intestinal irritation from laxative abuse
- Swollen salivary glands
- Sensitive teeth due to stomach acid exposure
- Worn or decaying tooth enamel
A person being a victim of binge-eating disorder have no control over their eat habits. Victim consumes excessive amount of food often to point where it causes discomfort for the victim. Victim may consume food even when they are not hungry and will continue eating when they are full. When compared with victims of bulimia nervosa, binge-eating disorder victims never engage in behaviours such as excessive exercise, fasting or purging.
Often the victims of binge-eating disorder are overweight or obese. Owing to it, the victim is always at the risk of developing high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. Due to the illness, victims also experience several psychological issues, thus leading to deal binge-eating disorder with a shame. This escorts the victim to more binge eating.
Another category of eating disorder includes Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS). It includes any eating disorder which in neither anorexia nor bulimia nervosa. Binge eating is a type of Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified.