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  • What
  • Types
  • Diagnosed

What is Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is also known as bipolar disease or manic depression. It is a state of mental illness where there is an extreme shifting of moods from a manic to a depressive state.

A victim with mania will experience impulsive, euphoric, feel excited and full of energy. During manic episodes, victim may engage in unhealthy or risky behaviour which includes drug abuse, impulsive or unprotected sex, or spending binge.

A victim with depressive episodes may experience deep misery and despair. The victim is with loss of energy and no interest in any activities which the victim formerly took pleasure with. During the depressive episode, victim may experience too little or too much sleep. With deeper depression, thoughts and attempts for suicide may arise.

Often mood shifting can be seen severe among the victims, on the other hand, victims may experience normal mood between the depression and mania. Victims with bipolar disorder often face trouble to run their day to day activities. Its commonly found that victims perform poorly at school or work, and often have trouble in maintain their personal relationships with others.

What are the Types of Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar I Disorder

Victims with bipolar I disorder shows at least one manic episode along with one or more depression episode. Bipolar I disorder is common in men and women equally. With men, mostly the first episode is mania, however with women; the first episode is usually major depression.

Bipolar II Disorder

Victims with bipolar II disorder experience major depression. The victim also experiences hypomania instead of mania. When a victim has hypomania, victim shows signs of uncontrolled energy, impulsiveness, and exhilaration. However the mood which is exhibited during hypomania is not as extreme as full-fledged mania condition, the victims never experience any kind of delusions or hallucinations during their episodes of hypomania. Unlike bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder is seen very common in women. This is because, with men, numbers of hypomanic episodes are generally equal or greater than the number of depressive episodes. With women, depressive episodes are usually dominant.

Cyclothymic Disorder

Victim with cyclothymic disorder shows mild form of bipolar disorder. Victim shows lower level of mood swings and lower level of episodes shifting from hypomania to mild depression.

Rapid-Cycling Bipolar Disorder

Unlike cyclothymic disorder, rapid cycling bipolar disorder exhibits rapid mood change as the name implies. On occasions, victim with rapid cycling bipolar disorder undergoes 4+ episodes of major mania, hypomania, depression or mixed symptoms during a year’s time. Few victims’ experiences experience 1+ episode in a week or even within a day. Rapid cycling bipolar disorder is most common among victims who had their first episode during the childhood. It is seems more commonly in women.

How is Bipolar Disorder Diagnosed?

Diagnosing for bipolar disorder is really chanllenging for the consultant psychologist, as the mood swing varies at time to time. Research has shown that one in every three victims who are diagnosed for major depression is victims of bipolar disorder.

For diagnosing bipolar disorder with children and adolescents are really hard for consultant psychologist as victim’s of this age are naturally unpredictable in their mood, behaviour and energy level.