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  • What
  • Symptoms
  • Distinguishing
  • Causes & Risk Factors
  • Diagnosed
  • Treatment
  • Lifestyle Changes to Help Ease
  • Outlook

What is Generalized Anxiety Disorder?

A person, who is a victim of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), unrealistically worries about normal situations. This disorder is also known as chronic anxiety neurosis.

Generalized anxiety disorder is entirely different from what normal anxious entails. For instance, it’s completely normal to worry about things which can matter in your life such as finances once in a while. However a person with GAD worries unrealistically about their finances numerous times in a day for months. This mostly happens when there is nothing to worry about in the victim’s life. The victim is often totally aware that they have no reason to worry. Few victims simply start worrying, and they are not able to figure out for what and for why they are so much worried. They open address feeling which indicates that something really bad is going to take place or may address that they are not able calm themselves.

When victim experience excessive uncontrolled worries, it is often terrifying and can obstruct the victim’s relationships and daily activities.

Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder

  • Lack of concentration
  • Lack of sleep
  • Bad temper
  • Fatigue
  • Diarrhea or repeated stomach aches
  • Sweaty palms
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Neurological symptoms

Distinguishing Generalized Anxiety Disorder from Other Mental Health Issues

Anxiety is one of the most common symptoms which is seen with several mental health conditions such as depression as well as various phobias. However generalized anxiety disorder is complete different from such conditions.

A person who is a victim of depression may rarely feel anxious. A person who is a victim of phobia worry about one specific thing, however a person who is a victim of generalized anxiety disorder worry about several different topics for a long duration (from six month or more) and the victim may not be able to recognize the reason for their worry.

What are the Causes and Risk Factors of Generalized Anxiety Disorder?

  • Family history with anxiety
  • Recent or long-lasting exposure towards stressful situations which includes but not limited to personal or family illness, use of excessive caffeine or tobacco
  • Victim of childhood abuse

As per the research, women are twice as prone to experience generalized anxiety disorder when compared with men.

How is Generalized Anxiety Disorder Diagnosed?

Diagnosis for generalized anxiety disorder is carried out with a mental health screening which the consultant psychologist performs on the victim. Consultant psychologist shall ask you a series of questions about the victim’s symptoms and how long the victim has been experiencing it.

To determine if the victim has any illness or substance abuse which causes the symptoms, medical tests would be conducted. As often anxiety is often linked to gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), heart disease, thyroid disorders, and menopause.

How is Generalized Anxiety Disorder Treated?

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Consultant psychologist and the victim regularly meet to talk, with the sole purpose of the psychologist to change the way of think and behaviour of the victim. Cognitive behaviour therapy has been successful among several victims who were affected with generalized anxiety and could bring positive impact as well as permanent changes. This treatment method is considered to the first-line for anxiety disorders among victims who are pregnant. On the other hand, other victims have revived with long-term relief from their anxiety.

During the therapy session, victim will learn to understand and control their anxious thoughts. Psychologist will teach the victim to handle their upsetting thoughts and how to remain calm.

Lifestyle Changes to Help Ease Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Several victims have found relief when they take a better lifestyle. Change in lifestyle includes:

  • Proper exercise, balanced diet and proper sleep
  • Yoga and meditation
  • Avoiding stimulants such as caffeine
  • Communicating with a trusted friend, spouse or a family member reading your worries and fears

Outlook for those with Generalized Anxiety Disorder

A victim can revive from generalized anxiety disorder with a combination of therapy and change in lifestyle.